Dental bone graft is the procedure performed in areas where bone loss occurs. It adds volume and density to the jaw. For this procedure, a piece of the person’s own shin, hip or jawbone is generally used. This is known as autograft and this is known as the “gold standard”. But usually, it can be taken from an animal tissue, or a synthetic bone graft can also be used. In this article, we will be reviewing the details about dental bone grafting.
How Does Dental Bone Graft Work?
The dental bone grafting is a structure which the body’s own dental tissue can regenerate and heal on it. And it holds space for the body to do its own natural repair process. In some cases, your dentist may take a sample of your own blood and combine a bone graft with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). This process promotes healing and tissue regeneration.
Who Needs Dental Bone Graft?
Bone grafts dental are necessary to provide a strong foundation for an implant. For this reason, people who will be implanted in place of their missing teeth are candidates for replacement bone grafts. In these people, the dental implant is placed on the roots of the jaw. After that operation, a crown that matches the nearby teeth is placed on the implant.
People who have lost a part of their jawbone due to tooth loss and gum disease may need a dental bone grafting. When bone loss begins to affect the teeth and gum tissue, the jaw is fixed with a bone graft. This can help prevent further long-term health complications and further bone loss.
One of the candidates who may need a tooth bone graft is those who have experienced bone loss. Losing bone mass in the jaw can cause the face to appear short. This condition can also change the appearance of the lips and the muscles around the lips, as they do not have a healthy bone structure under them. It can cause the skin tissue in the chin area to appear wrinkled. Bone loss in the jaw is generally more common among the elderly. But anyone with health problems such as poor dental hygiene, injury to the jaw or other infections may need a bone graft dental.
How Common are Dental Bone Grafts?
The bone graft dental procedure is quite common. It can be done by a general dentist, oral surgeon or periodontist specialist.
Are There Different Types of Bone Grafts?
There are 4 types of dental bone grafting:
Socket preservation, also known as ridge preservation, is placed in the socket immediately after tooth extraction. It prevents the socket from collapsing by filling the gap left by the missing teeth.
When the teeth have not been in place for a while, the jawbone may become thinner than it should be. Ridge augmentation can increase the width and volume of the jawbone, providing a solid foundation for implants and other restorative options.
If the upper posterior teeth in the mouth are missing, the maxillary sinuses just above them may descend. In this case, the oral surgeon or periodontist performs sinus lift and brings the sinus to its proper position. After this procedure, a bone graft dental is placed under the sinus to provide a solid foundation for dental implants.
What Happens Before Dental Bone Graft Placement?
Before this operation, a mouth control examination is performed to check the health of the gums and jaw. A personalized treatment plan is created by determining the degree of bone loss with dental X-rays and scans.
What Happens During Dental Graft Surgery?
The construction process of the typical bone grafts dental is as follows:
- before the bone graft dental procedure, anesthesia is taken, and vital signs are followed.
- the area to be treated will be cleaned.
- an incision will be made to separate the gum from the bone where the graft will be placed.
- the material will be placed between the two bones that need to grow together.
- bone graft is fixed.
- the incision is sutured again.
What Happens After a Dental Bone Graft?
There may be some side effects that should decrease within a few days after the bone graft dental operation. Swelling and bruising may occur, but these can be controlled with pain relievers or antibiotics, depending on the doctor’s prescription. Apart from this, small bone fragments can be seen coming out of the area for the first few days. This symptom is also usually considered natural.
How Painful Is a Dental Bone Graft?
Bone grafting, in which bone material is not taken from the patient’s own body, is a relatively minor procedure. However, when bone material is obtained from the person’s own body, healing may be a little more painful for some bone graft dental operations. However, since the bone material taken is very small, this effect does not last long and intense.
During the dental bone grafting procedure, the person is under the effect of anesthesia, and nothing is felt until this effect wears off. After the procedure if all medications are taken as prescribed and post-operative instructions are followed, for most people, it goes with little or no pain.
Are You Put to Sleep for a Dental Bone Graft?
In general, bone grafting does not require anesthesia and can be easily performed under local anesthesia. however, general anesthesia can also be performed depending on your situation, if the dentist deems it appropriate.
Can Dental Bone Grafts Fail?
The probability of failure of dental bone grafting is low. However, there is a possibility of failure in people who smoke and have certain medical conditions. These may be signs that the operation was unsuccessful:
- if there is worsening pain and swelling after two weeks
- there is no improvement in the volume of the jawbone
- there is gingival recession
- pus and drainage from the bone graft area
What are the Advantages of Bone Grafts?
Bone grafts dental may increase suitability for dental implants and some restorative treatments. This process allows the jaw to return to its original state after tooth loss, trauma, and gum disease.
What are the Risks or Complications of Dental Bone Grafts?
Even though, dental bone grafting may carry some risks such as infection, heavy bleeding, complications from anesthesia and nerve damage, intraoral bone grafts are generally quite safe. The most common side effect of a bone grafts dental is pain and swelling, but these can be kept to a minimum with pain relievers or some prescription medications and are mildly relieved. However, minor bleeding in the first few days, chewing and speaking difficulties are also normal side effects.
How Long Does It Take to Recover from a Dental Bone Graft?
Although it often returns to normal within a week or two, complete healing of the bone grafts dental can sometimes take three to nine months, sometimes even longer. Because it takes a few months for the jaw to be strong enough to receive the implants. The full recovery time varies according to the type of graft, the area where it is placed, and the body’s ability to heal.
When Can I Go Back to Work or School?
Usually the person can return to work or school even the day after the procedure. However, if sedation is chosen, it may take an extra 1 or 2 days to recover. As mentioned before, recovery times may vary depending on the person and certain factors. The dentist will examine your healing process and will tell you when the new bone is strong enough to support the implant. Especially if you are expecting dental implant surgery.
What are the Dental Bone Graft Healing Stages?
As mentioned before, recovery times may vary depending on the person and certain factors. Your healing process will be examined. And the dentist will tell you when the new bone is strong enough to support the implant, especially if you are expecting dental implant surgery.
When Should I Contact My Healthcare Provider?
You should call your dentist if you see any of these symptoms after placing bone grafts dental:
- severe pain.
- increased swelling.
- formation of pus around the grafting site
- fever of 101° or higher.
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